Georgia’s Criminal Defense Timeline

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The Basics of Georgia’s Criminal Defense Timeline

The timeline of a criminal case can be a lengthy and complex process that can be overwhelming for individuals who are not familiar with the legal system. Hiring an attorney to guide you through the criminal justice system can be a critical decision for your case. 

The criminal defense process in Georgia is similar to the process in other states, but there are specific rules and procedures that apply to Georgia’s criminal code. In Georgia, criminal cases can be divided into two types: misdemeanors and felonies. The criminal defense process for each type of case is slightly different.

Here is a general outline of the timeline of a criminal case and the role that an attorney plays in each step of the process.

The Investigation

Investigation: This is the initial stage of a criminal case where law enforcement investigates and gathers evidence. If you are a suspect in a criminal case, it is essential to hire an attorney as early as possible to protect your rights and ensure that evidence is gathered legally.


Arrest: If the police believe they have enough evidence to charge you with a crime, they will arrest you. When you are arrested, you have the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney. An attorney can help you understand your rights and work to have you released on bail.

The Arraignment

Arraignment: This is the first court appearance where you will be formally charged with a crime. An attorney can help you understand the charges against you and your rights. They can also negotiate a plea deal with the prosecutor or argue for a lower bail.

Pretrial Negotiations

Pretrial: This stage involves discovery, where your attorney will obtain and review the evidence against you. They will also negotiate with the prosecutor for a plea deal or argue for a dismissal of charges if the evidence is weak or illegally obtained.


Trial: If a plea deal cannot be reached, the case will proceed to trial. An attorney will prepare a defense and argue your case in front of a judge or jury. They will also cross-examine witnesses and challenge evidence presented by the prosecution.


Sentencing: If you are found guilty or plead guilty, the court will sentence you. An attorney can argue for a lighter sentence or make a case for probation rather than jail time.


Appeals: If you are unhappy with the verdict or sentence, you can appeal the case. An attorney can help you understand the grounds for appeal and work to overturn the conviction or sentence.

Having an attorney means having someone on your side

In Georgia, criminal cases can be complex and challenging. It is essential to have an experienced criminal defense attorney who understands Georgia’s criminal code and can help guide you through the process. They can advise you on your rights, negotiate with the prosecutor, and work to achieve the best possible outcome for your case.

At Arora Law, our team includes skilled attorneys who specialize in various practice areas, including criminal law and white-collar criminal law. To gain insight into our experience and approach, schedule a free initial consultation, call us at (404) 609-4664 or fill out the contact form here. We also provide services in Spanish (Se habla Español) and Hindi.


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